Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWMS) in Bashnet
How it started
It wasn’t easy one to explain what happened in Gallapo small town when TAEEs with support from WaterAid, Babati district council staff ‘hit a rock’ during their meeting with village council on their ISWM project implementation in Gallapo.
The “heat” came up immediately when team leader introduced the purpose of the visit and wanted to hear from participants. It came out with questions which associated with Gallapo Water Supply and Sanitation Authority (GAWASA) which has todate developed a big conflict with villagers to the extent that they want to remove GAWASA from Gallapo.
A lot of social skills and knowhow were used to convince meeting participants to accept the project and see if in anyway ISWM will be related to GAWASA but all went in vain and until 5 pm, there were no solution and agreement reached. It was realised that there is a pressure group which during meeting was outside and was pressuring using mobile phones where we saw participants getting out to answer some calls and when this happened, everything changed. This on the other hand, created a to-and from discussions which made many issues stop cause there were no agreement anymore. It was noted also that not all people rejected the project but their strength to convince this giant group was small and they feared about security of their lives. This made the facilitation team to declare off all initiatives that were being prepared to service this community.
Apart from that the Gallapo people need development projects such as ISWM, water supply and other human amenities because it is a serious problem in the area.
However at the end, members of the meeting accepted to have another meeting the next day 2.2.2012 from 2pm. This also did not bear any fruits further cause the pressure group seemed to be more stronger than the groups that had few supporters and all ended with a big NO.
Taking this initiative, the facilitation team had to set a brief discussion so decide what next over ISWM and after a long discussion that took about 2-3 hours, all members agreed to shift the pilot project to Bashnet (a new growing small town located about 57km from Babati. More project lineout can be read from here. Continue reading
About Solid Waste
Waste generation, both domestic and industrial, continues to increasing world-wide in tandem with growth in consumption. In developed countries, per capita waste generation increased nearly three-fold over the last two decades, reaching a level five to six times higher than that in developing countries. With increases in populations and living standards, waste generation in developing countries is also increasing rapidly, and may double in volume in the current decade. If current trends persists, the waste generation increase worldwide will be five-times by the year 2025 (Richard, 2002,.
There is a possibility that high proportion of the waste could be recycled by the urban poor and at the same time generating income from them while protecting the environment. There is a need to develop an integrated approach where the public, private and community sectors come to work together to develop local solutions promoting sustainable solid waste management (Richard, 2002).
In Tanzania and other African countries, solid waste management in most cities is a serious threat to urban and small towns (ST) environment. There has been a tremendous increase in solid waste generation with poor management plans (collection, transfer, treatment and disposal), industrial hazardous waste and biomedical waste due to population growth, poor infrastructure and increase in commercial, social, construction and institutional activities.
Despite of the constraints facing solid waste management in our country, there has been less attention from policymakers and researchers compared to other environmental problems like water pollution and environmental degradation. Yet it is possible for the waste to be well managed under the 3Rs method of Reduce, Reuse and Recycle which is among the methods of waste minimization.
Therefore, TAEE’s as one of the environmental stakeholders in partnership with WaterAid Tanzania wishes to take deliberative steps to contribute in SWM through development of an integrated solid waste management system that will help to reduce SWs in Gallapo as well other small and growing towns.
To develop and pilot Integrated Solid waste Management system with a commercial management model using participatory process for Gallapo Small Town (ST) after which will be scaled-up to other STs upon success of phase I project implementation. The participatory process intends to allow understanding of the local stakeholders and communities an element that could ensure equity and inclusiveness leading to ownership and sustainability of the whole concept.
The main project objective is to establish Integrated Solid Waste Management System (ISWM) in Gallapo small town, which upon project successfulness, shall be scaled up to other small towns in the country.
To establish a sustainable integrated solid waste management system for Gallapo ST in collaboration with key stakeholders and undertake the following:-
- Train local CSOs/NGOs/PS that will utilise the knowledge to keep the town clean. Here, gender equity shall be a priority to ensure that men, women and children are well and equitably involved.
- To study the existing SWM system (if it exists) and analyse existing gapes and set strategies to improve it or formulate it if it doesn’t exist.
- To formulate SWM working groups and introduce commercial concept basing on the following key pillars equity, inclusiveness and sustainability of the system
- Undertake review of the existing SWM related laws, bylaws, policies and identify the gaps and linkages as a way of improvement and strengthening SWM system (existing or the one to be formed)
- Develop and support local’s capacity on solid waste management commercial model whereby the decomposable materials will be separated at a point of generation and used for compost making. This product will at the end be used in the local people’s gardens for the purpose of improvement of the economic status of the communities in the selected STs
- Support solid waste manure preparation and use in the study areas
This project is sponsored by WaterAid Tanzania among other project which are being implemented in Babati such as Water supply improvement project in Gallapo small town, Strategic Land use planning which seeks to improve the town through planning and ensuring all required facilities needed by small and growing town are well equipped beforehand so that it doesn’t become unmanageable in future.
The Final Bashnet phase I report can be downloaded from FINAL ISWM REPORT 1707012. While this is being released, the phase II work took place from June 20th todate and the 1st progress report can be downloaded from 1st_PROGRESS_REPORT_2807012 While the second progress report can also be downloaded from 2nd_PROGRESS_REPORT 24082012.
Having done what was required to be done, the piloting of ISWM in Bashnet has set a foundation base for the growing small towns to start undertaking the waste management initiatives effectively from step one so that it grows as the town grows. Bashnet which includes Bashnet, Gabadow and Long (initially villages at central part) has benefited from this initiatives which were done by TAEEs under the supervision of ADRA Tanzania whose headquarters are located in Arusha with support from WaterAid Tanzania. The final project completion report can be read from here FINAL PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION REPORT – NOVEMBER 2012
We welcome comments and opinions for improvement, methodology, achievements etc after having read the report so that things either gets clarified, and be improved as this we expect it to be a model for other small towns which will need such support from TAEEs